What is Sodium Hyaluronate?
Sodium hyaluronate is similar to the fluid that surrounds the joints in your body. This fluid acts as a lubricant and shock absorber for the joints. Sodium hyaluronate is used to treat knee pain caused by osteoarthritis. Sodium hyaluronate is usually given after other arthritis medications have been tried without successful treatment of symptoms.
How is sodium hyaluronate given?
Sodium hyaluronate is injected directly into the knee joint and is usually given once every week for 3 to 5 weeks.
What should I avoid after receiving sodium hyaluronate?
Follow the doctor’s post treatment instructions very carefully. To prevent pain and swelling, your doctor may recommend resting your knee or applying ice for a short time after your injection. Normally, for at least 48 hours after your injection, the patient should avoid jogging, strenuous activity, or high-impact sports such as soccer or tennis. Also avoid weight-bearing activity or standing for longer than 1 hour at a time. Ask your doctor how long to wait before you resume these activities.
What are possible side effects of Sodium hyaluronate?
According to the drug manufacturer, the most common side effects of Hyalgan are pain at the injection site, swelling, heat and/or redness, rash, itching or bruising around the joint. Side effects are usually mild and do not last long.
Occasionally, a patient may experience
- Nausea, stomach pain;
- Back pain;
- Numbness or tingly feeling;
- Cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat;
- Tired feeling; or
- Itching or skin irritation around the knee.